This kind of Hungarian embroidery can be found in the villages near Kalocsa: Szakmar, Homokmegye, Oregcserto. These communities are famous for their folkart.
Its characteristic branches are Hungarian Kalocsa painting, embroidery and carving. The motifs are the same. This Hungarian embroidery started to develop in the 2nd half of the 19th century. The material used for this work are linen and coloured yarn.
The old and traditional way of colouring was with white, then black, later blue-red-green. Today there are 27 colours used for Kalocsa embroidery.
Its stitching is flat. This Hungarian embroidery is characteristic for the direction of stitching and the shade of colours.
Popular motifs are the many-coloured flowers of the fields and meadows. They are very close to naturalism. The flowers of different sizes create a compositional unity.
It was born in Transylvania in the region situated between the Koros river and Kalota river. Its picturesque traditional costume made this region famous all over the country. The oldest pattern is the so-called "written" pattern. The material used is home-made linen. This kind of Hungarian embroidery is always one-coloured. It can be red, blue, black or white. The motifs are taken from nature: rose, tulip, apple, pear, poppy, marjoram.
It came from Mezokovesd, Szentistvan, Tard. Its materials are black sateen and white linen. The old Matyo embroidery is red and blue. The coloured Matyo embroidery is red, green, yellow, blue, black, violet and the shade of these colours. The popular motifs are roses, stars, leaves, tulips, buds and other kinds of flowers.
The Matyo embroidery is known as the oldest kind of Hungarian embroidery.
Its birthplace is Romania. Torocko is a folk art centre. This town was famous for mining. The materials of Torocko embroidery are hemp- and cotton linen. It is always one-coloured, red or blue. Originally it was the embroidery of the upper class. They often used the motifs of tulip, lily, pear in a well-organized composition. In the 17th century it got richer in patterns. It became extremely popular.
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